浅析ASP.NET万能JSON解析器

 更新时间:2013年12月04日 09:23:51   作者:   我要评论
这篇文章主要是对ASP.NET万能JSON解析器进行了详细的分析介绍,需要的朋友可以过来参考下,希望对大家有所帮助

概念介绍
还是先简单说说Json的一些例子吧。注意,以下概念是我自己定义的,可以参考.net里面的TYPE的模型设计
如果有争议,欢迎提出来探讨!

1.最简单:
{"total":0}
total就是值,值是数值,等于0

2. 复杂点
{"total":0,"data":{"377149574" : 1}}
total是值,data是对象,这个对象包含了"377149574"这个值,等于1

3. 最复杂
{"total":0,"data":{"377149574":[{"cid":"377149574"}]}}
total是值,data是对象,377149574是数组,这个数组包含了一些列的对象,例如{"cid":"377149574"}这个对象。

有了以上的概念,就可以设计出通用的json模型了。

万能JSON源码:

复制代码 代码如下:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
namespace Pixysoft.Json
{
    public class CommonJsonModelAnalyzer
    {
        protected string _GetKey(string rawjson)
        {
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(rawjson))
                return rawjson;
            rawjson = rawjson.Trim();
            string[] jsons = rawjson.Split(new char[] { ':' });
            if (jsons.Length < 2)
                return rawjson;
            return jsons[0].Replace("\"", "").Trim();
        }
        protected string _GetValue(string rawjson)
        {
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(rawjson))
                return rawjson;
            rawjson = rawjson.Trim();
            string[] jsons = rawjson.Split(new char[] { ':' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
            if (jsons.Length < 2)
                return rawjson;
            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
            for (int i = 1; i < jsons.Length; i++)
            {
                builder.Append(jsons[i]);
                builder.Append(":");
            }
            if (builder.Length > 0)
                builder.Remove(builder.Length - 1, 1);
            string value = builder.ToString();
            if (value.StartsWith("\""))
                value = value.Substring(1);
            if (value.EndsWith("\""))
                value = value.Substring(0, value.Length - 1);
            return value;
        }
        protected List<string> _GetCollection(string rawjson)
        {
            //[{},{}]
            List<string> list = new List<string>();
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(rawjson))
                return list;
            rawjson = rawjson.Trim();
            StringBuilder builder = new StringBuilder();
            int nestlevel = -1;
            int mnestlevel = -1;
            for (int i = 0; i < rawjson.Length; i++)
            {
                if (i == 0)
                    continue;
                else if (i == rawjson.Length - 1)
                    continue;
                char jsonchar = rawjson[i];
                if (jsonchar == '{')
                {
                    nestlevel++;
                }
                if (jsonchar == '}')
                {
                    nestlevel--;
                }
                if (jsonchar == '[')
                {
                    mnestlevel++;
                }
                if (jsonchar == ']')
                {
                    mnestlevel--;
                }
                if (jsonchar == ',' && nestlevel == -1 && mnestlevel == -1)
                {
                    list.Add(builder.ToString());
                    builder = new StringBuilder();
                }
                else
                {
                    builder.Append(jsonchar);
                }
            }
            if (builder.Length > 0)
                list.Add(builder.ToString());
            return list;
        }
    }
}

复制代码 代码如下:

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Text;
namespace Pixysoft.Json
{
    public class CommonJsonModel : CommonJsonModelAnalyzer
    {
        private string rawjson;
        private bool isValue = false;
        private bool isModel = false;
        private bool isCollection = false;
        internal CommonJsonModel(string rawjson)
        {
            this.rawjson = rawjson;
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(rawjson))
                throw new Exception("missing rawjson");
            rawjson = rawjson.Trim();
            if (rawjson.StartsWith("{"))
            {
                isModel = true;
            }
            else if (rawjson.StartsWith("["))
            {
                isCollection = true;
            }
            else
            {
                isValue = true;
            }
        }
        public string Rawjson
        {
            get { return rawjson; }
        }
        public bool IsValue()
        {
            return isValue;
        }
        public bool IsValue(string key)
        {
            if (!isModel)
                return false;
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(key))
                return false;
            foreach (string subjson in base._GetCollection(this.rawjson))
            {
                CommonJsonModel model = new CommonJsonModel(subjson);
                if (!model.IsValue())
                    continue;
                if (model.Key == key)
                {
                    CommonJsonModel submodel = new CommonJsonModel(model.Value);
                    return submodel.IsValue();
                }
            }
            return false;
        }
        public bool IsModel()
        {
            return isModel;
        }
        public bool IsModel(string key)
        {
            if (!isModel)
                return false;
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(key))
                return false;
            foreach (string subjson in base._GetCollection(this.rawjson))
            {
                CommonJsonModel model = new CommonJsonModel(subjson);
                if (!model.IsValue())
                    continue;
                if (model.Key == key)
                {
                    CommonJsonModel submodel = new CommonJsonModel(model.Value);
                    return submodel.IsModel();
                }
            }
            return false;
        }
        public bool IsCollection()
        {
            return isCollection;
        }
        public bool IsCollection(string key)
        {
            if (!isModel)
                return false;
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(key))
                return false;
            foreach (string subjson in base._GetCollection(this.rawjson))
            {
                CommonJsonModel model = new CommonJsonModel(subjson);
                if (!model.IsValue())
                    continue;
                if (model.Key == key)
                {
                    CommonJsonModel submodel = new CommonJsonModel(model.Value);
                    return submodel.IsCollection();
                }
            }
            return false;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// 当模型是对象,返回拥有的key
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public List<string> GetKeys()
        {
            if (!isModel)
                return null;
            List<string> list = new List<string>();
            foreach (string subjson in base._GetCollection(this.rawjson))
            {
                string key = new CommonJsonModel(subjson).Key;
                if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(key))
                    list.Add(key);
            }
            return list;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 当模型是对象,key对应是值,则返回key对应的值
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="key"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public string GetValue(string key)
        {
            if (!isModel)
                return null;
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(key))
                return null;
            foreach (string subjson in base._GetCollection(this.rawjson))
            {
                CommonJsonModel model = new CommonJsonModel(subjson);
                if (!model.IsValue())
                    continue;
                if (model.Key == key)
                    return model.Value;
            }
            return null;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 模型是对象,key对应是对象,返回key对应的对象
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="key"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public CommonJsonModel GetModel(string key)
        {
            if (!isModel)
                return null;
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(key))
                return null;
            foreach (string subjson in base._GetCollection(this.rawjson))
            {
                CommonJsonModel model = new CommonJsonModel(subjson);
                if (!model.IsValue())
                    continue;
                if (model.Key == key)
                {
                    CommonJsonModel submodel = new CommonJsonModel(model.Value);
                    if (!submodel.IsModel())
                        return null;
                    else
                        return submodel;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 模型是对象,key对应是集合,返回集合
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="key"></param>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public CommonJsonModel GetCollection(string key)
        {
            if (!isModel)
                return null;
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(key))
                return null;
            foreach (string subjson in base._GetCollection(this.rawjson))
            {
                CommonJsonModel model = new CommonJsonModel(subjson);
                if (!model.IsValue())
                    continue;
                if (model.Key == key)
                {
                    CommonJsonModel submodel = new CommonJsonModel(model.Value);
                    if (!submodel.IsCollection())
                        return null;
                    else
                        return submodel;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 模型是集合,返回自身
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns></returns>
        public List<CommonJsonModel> GetCollection()
        {
            List<CommonJsonModel> list = new List<CommonJsonModel>();
            if (IsValue())
                return list;
            foreach (string subjson in base._GetCollection(rawjson))
            {
                list.Add(new CommonJsonModel(subjson));
            }
            return list;
        }
 

        /// <summary>
        /// 当模型是值对象,返回key
        /// </summary>
        private string Key
        {
            get
            {
                if (IsValue())
                    return base._GetKey(rawjson);
                return null;
            }
        }
        /// <summary>
        /// 当模型是值对象,返回value
        /// </summary>
        private string Value
        {
            get
            {
                if (!IsValue())
                    return null;
                return base._GetValue(rawjson);
            }
        }
    }
}


使用方法

public CommonJsonModel DeSerialize(string json)
{
 return new CommonJsonModel(json);
}

超级简单,只要new一个通用对象,把json字符串放进去就行了。

针对上文的3个例子,我给出3种使用方法:

{"total":0}
CommonJsonModel model = DeSerialize(json);
model.GetValue("total") // return 0
{"total":0,"data":{"377149574" : 1}}
CommonJsonModel model = DeSerialize(json);
model.GetModel("data").GetValue("377149574") //return 1
{"total":0,"data":{"377149574":[{"cid":"377149574"}]}}
CommonJsonModel model = DeSerialize(json);
model.GetCollection("377149574").GetCollection()[0].GetValue("cid") //return 377149574

这个有点点复杂,

1. 首先377149574代表了一个集合,所以要用model.GetCollection("377149574")把这个集合取出来。

2. 其次这个集合里面包含了很多对象,因此用GetColllection()把这些对象取出来

3. 在这些对象List里面取第一个[0],表示取了":{"cid":"377149574"}这个对象,然后再用GetValue("cid")把对象的值取出来。

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