实例Python处理XML文件的方法

 更新时间:2015年08月31日 16:53:48   投稿:goldensun   我要评论
这篇文章主要介绍了实例Python处理XML文件的方法,包括用Python处理XML大文件的情况,需要的朋友可以参考下

需求
有一个表,里面数据量比较大,每天一更新,其字段可以通过xml配置文件进行配置,即,可能每次建表的字段不一样。

上游跑时会根据配置从源文件中提取,到入库这一步需要根据配置进行建表。

解决
写了一个简单的xml,配置需要字段及类型

上游读取到对应的数据

入库这一步,先把原表删除,根据配置建新表

XML文件

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!-- 表名 ,金沙国际官网名  可灵活配置插入哪个库哪个表 -->
<table name="top_query" db_name="evaluting_sys">
<!-- 非业务主键,自增长,可配名,其他 INTEGER UNSIGNED AUTO_INCREMENT -->
<primary_key>
<name>id</name>
</primary_key>
<!-- 字段开始 -->
<field>
<name>query</name>
<type>varchar(200)</type>
<is_index>false</is_index>
<description>query</description>
</field>
<field>
<name>pv</name>
<type>integer</type>
<is_index>false</is_index>
<description>pv</description>
</field>
<field>
<name>avg_money</name>
<type>integer</type>
<is_index>false</is_index>
<description></description>
</field>
<!-- 字段配置结束 -->
</table>

处理脚本

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
#author: wklken
#desc: use to read db xml config.
#-----------------------
#2012-02-18 created
#----------------------
import sys,os
from xml.dom import minidom, Node
def read_dbconfig_xml(xml_file_path):
  content = {}
  root = minidom.parse(xml_file_path)
  table = root.getElementsByTagName("table")[0]
  #read dbname and table name.
  table_name = table.getAttribute("name")
  db_name = table.getAttribute("db_name")
  if len(table_name) > 0 and len(db_name) > 0:
    db_sql = "create database if not exists `" + db_name +"`; use " + db_name + ";"
    table_drop_sql = "drop " + table_name + " if exists " + table_name + ";"
    content.update({"db_sql" : db_sql})
    content.update({"table_sql" : table_drop_sql })
  else:
    print "Error:attribute is not define well! db_name=" + db_name + " ;table_name=" + table_name
    sys.exit(1)
  #print table_name, db_name
  table_create_sql = "create table " + table_name +"("
  #read primary cell
  primary_key = table.getElementsByTagName("primary_key")[0]
  primary_key_name = primary_key.getElementsByTagName("name")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue
  table_create_sql += primary_key_name + " INTEGER NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,"
  #print primary_key.toxml()
  #read ordernary field
  fields = table.getElementsByTagName("field")
  f_index = 0
  for field in fields:
    f_index += 1
    name = field.getElementsByTagName("name")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue
    type = field.getElementsByTagName("type")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue
    table_create_sql += name + " " + type
    if f_index != len(fields):
    table_create_sql += ","
    is_index = field.getElementsByTagName("is_index")[0].childNodes[0].nodeValue
  table_create_sql += ");"
  content.update({"table_create_sql" : table_create_sql})
  #character set latin1 collate latin1_danish_ci;
  print content

if __name__ == "__main__":
read_dbconfig_xml(sys.argv[1])

PYTHON解析XML大文件[SAX]
需求
读取xml数据文件,文件较大,需要实时处理插入到金沙国际官网

xml文档

<PERSONS>
<person>
  <id>100000</id>
  <sex>男</sex>
  <address>北京,海淀区</address>
  <fansNum>437</fansNum>
  <summary>1989</summary>
  <wbNum>333</wbNum>
  <gzNum>242</gzNum>
  <blog>null</blog>
  <edu>大学</edu>
  <work></work>
  <renZh>1</renZh>
  <brithday>2月14日</brithday>
</person>
</PERSONS>

处理
sax处理时并不会像dom一样可以以类似节点的维度进行读取,它只有 开始标签 内容 结束标签 之分

处理思想是:通过一个handler,对开始标签,内容,结束标签各有一个处理函数

代码及注解
person 处理类

from xml.sax import handler,parseString
class PersonHandler(handler.ContentHandler):
 def __init__(self, db_ops):
  #db op obj
  self.db_ops = db_ops
  #存储一个person的map
  self.person = {}
  #当前的tag
  self.current_tag = ""
  #是否是tag之间的内容 ,目的拿到tag间内容,不受空白的干扰
  self.in_quote = 0
 #开始,清空map
 def startElement(self, name, attr):
  #以person,清空map
  if name == "person":
   self.person = {}
  #记录 状态
  self.current_tag = name
  self.in_quote = 1
 #结束,插入金沙国际官网
 def endElement(self, name):
  #以person结尾 代表读取一个person的信息结束
  if name == "person":
   #do something
   in_fields = tuple([ ('"' + self.person.get(i,"") + '"') for i in fields ])
   print in_sql % in_fields
   db_ops.insert( in_sql%(in_fields))
  #处理
  self.in_quote = 0
 def characters(self, content):
  #若是在tag之间的内容,更新到map中
  if self.in_quote:
   self.person.update({self.current_tag: content})

加上入库的完整代码

#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- coding:utf-8 -*-
#parse_person.py
#version : 0.1
#author : wukunliang@163.com
#desc : parse person.xml and out sql

import sys,os
import MySQLdb
reload(sys)
sys.setdefaultencoding('utf-8')
in_sql = "insert into person(id,sex,address,fansNum,summary,wbNum,gzNum,blog,edu,work,renZh,brithday) values(%s, %s, %s, %s, %s, %s,
     %s, %s, %s, %s, %s, %s)"
fields = ("id","sex","address","fansNum","summary","wbNum","gzNum","blog","edu","work","renZh","brithday")
#金沙国际官网方法
class Db_Connect:
  def __init__(self, db_host, user, pwd, db_name, charset="utf-8", use_unicode = True):
    print "init begin"
    print db_host, user, pwd, db_name, charset , use_unicode
    self.conn = MySQLdb.Connection(db_host, user, pwd, db_name, charset=charset , use_unicode=use_unicode)
    print "init end"
  def insert(self, sql):
    try:
      n = self.conn.cursor().execute(sql)
      return n
    except MySQLdb.Warning, e:
      print "Error: execute sql '",sql,"' failed"
  def close(self):
    self.conn.close()
#person 处理类
from xml.sax import handler,parseString
class PersonHandler(handler.ContentHandler):
  def __init__(self, db_ops):
    #db op obj
    self.db_ops = db_ops
    #存储一个person的map
    self.person = {}
    #当前的tag
    self.current_tag = ""
    #是否是tag之间的内容
    self.in_quote = 0
  #开始,清空map
  def startElement(self, name, attr):
    #以person,清空map
    if name == "person":
     self.person = {}
    #记录 状态
    self.current_tag = name
    self.in_quote = 1
  #结束,插入金沙国际官网
  def endElement(self, name):
    #以person结尾 代表读取一个person的信息结束
    if name == "person":
      #do something
      in_fields = tuple([ ('"' + self.person.get(i,"") + '"') for i in fields ])
      print in_sql % in_fields
      db_ops.insert( in_sql%(in_fields))
    #处理
    self.in_quote = 0
  def characters(self, content):
    #若是在tag之间的内容,更新到map中
    if self.in_quote:
      self.person.update({self.current_tag: content})
if __name__ == "__main__":
  f = open("./person.xml")
  #如果源文件utf-8 转码   若是utf-8,去掉decode.encode
  db_ops = Db_Connect("127.0.0.1", "root", "root", "test")
  parseString(f.read().decode("utf-8").encode("utf-8"), PersonHandler(db_ops))
  f.close()
  db_ops.close()

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