MVC4制作网站教程第二章 用户登陆2.2

 更新时间:2016年08月16日 15:07:23   作者:洞庭夕照   我要评论
这篇文章主要为大家详细介绍了MVC4制作网站教程,用户登陆功能的实现代码,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

一用户 
1.1用户注册 
1.2用户登陆 

首先在Models里添加用户登陆模型类UserLogin,该类只要用用户名,密码和验证码三个字段。 

/// <summary>
 /// 用户登陆模型
 /// </summary>
 public class UserLogin
 {
 /// <summary>
 /// 用户名
 /// </summary>
 [Display(Name = "用户名", Description = "4-20个字符。")]
 [Required(ErrorMessage = "×")]
 [StringLength(20, MinimumLength = 4, ErrorMessage = "×")]
 public string UserName { get; set; }
 /// <summary>
 /// 密码
 /// </summary>
 [Display(Name = "密码", Description = "6-20个字符。")]
 [Required(ErrorMessage = "×")]
 [StringLength(20, MinimumLength = 6, ErrorMessage = "×")]
 [DataType(DataType.Password)]
 public string Password { get; set; }
 /// <summary>
 /// 验证码
 /// </summary>
 [Display(Name = "验证码", Description = "请输入图片中的验证码。")]
 [Required(ErrorMessage = "×")]
 [StringLength(6, MinimumLength = 6, ErrorMessage = "×")]
 public string VerificationCode { get; set; }
 }

在UserController里添加Login action; 代码看如下:

public ActionResult Login()
 {
  return View();
 }
 [HttpPost]
 public ActionResult Login(UserLogin login)
 {
  return View();
 }

使用Cookie保存登陆账号,密码等信息,修改public ActionResult Login(UserLogin login)。修改完成代码如下:

[HttpPost]
 public ActionResult Login(UserLogin login)
 {
  //验证验证码
  if (Session["VerificationCode"] == null || Session["VerificationCode"].ToString() == "")
  {
  Error _e = new Error { Title = "验证码不存在", Details = "在用户注册时,服务器端的验证码为空,或向服务器提交的验证码为空", Cause = "<li>你注册时在注册页面停留的时间过久页已经超时</li><li>您绕开客户端验证向服务器提交数据</li>", Solution = "返回<a href='" + Url.Action("Register", "User") + "'>注册</a>页面,刷新后重新注册" };
  return RedirectToAction("Error", "Prompt", _e);
  }
  else if (Session["VerificationCode"].ToString() != login.VerificationCode.ToUpper())
  {
  ModelState.AddModelError("VerificationCode", "×");
  return View();
  }
  //验证账号密码
  userRsy = new UserRepository();
  if (userRsy.Authentication(login.UserName, Common.Text.Sha256(login.Password)) == 0)
  {
  HttpCookie _cookie = new HttpCookie("User");
  _cookie.Values.Add("UserName", login.UserName);
  _cookie.Values.Add("Password", Common.Text.Sha256(login.Password));
  Response.Cookies.Add(_cookie);
  return RedirectToAction("Default","User");
  }
  else
  {
  ModelState.AddModelError("Message", "登陆失败!");
  return View();
  }
 }

在public ActionResult Login() 上右键添加强类型视图

完成后代的Login.cshtml 

@model CMS.Models.UserLogin
@{
 ViewBag.Title = "用户登陆";
 Layout = "~/Views/Shared/_Layout.cshtml";
}
<div class="banner"> 
 <img src="~/Skins/Default/Images/banner.jpg" /> 
</div>

@using (Html.BeginForm()) 
{ 
 @Html.ValidationSummary(true)
 <div class="form"> 
 <dl> 
  <dt>用户登陆</dt> 
  <dd> 
  <div class="label">@Html.LabelFor(model => model.UserName):</div> 
  <div class="ctrl">@Html.EditorFor(model => model.UserName) 
   @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.UserName) 
   @Html.DisplayDescriptionFor(model => model.UserName) 
  </div> 
  </dd> 
  <dd> 
  <div class="label">@Html.LabelFor(model => model.Password):</div> 
  <div class="ctrl">@Html.PasswordFor(model => model.Password) 
   @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.Password) 
   @Html.DisplayDescriptionFor(model => model.Password) 
  </div> 
  </dd> 
  <dd> 
  <div class="label">验证码:</div> 
  <div class="ctrl">
   @Html.TextBoxFor(model => model.VerificationCode) 
   @Html.ValidationMessageFor(model => model.VerificationCode) 
   <img id="" alt="" src="@Url.Action("VerificationCode", "User")" /> 
   <a id="trydifferent" style="cursor: pointer">换一张</a> 
  </div> 
  </dd> 
  <dd> 
  <div class="label"></div> 
  <div class="ctrl"> 
   <input type="submit" value="登陆" />@Html.ValidationMessage("Message"); 
  </div> 
  </dd> 
 </dl> 
 <div class="clear"></div> 
 </div>
}
<script type="text/javascript">
 $("#trydifferent").click(function () { 
 $("#verificationcode").attr("src", "/User/VerificationCode?" + new Date()); 
 })
</script>
@section Scripts { 
 @Scripts.Render("~/bundles/jqueryval") 
}

浏览器中查看一下登陆页面

点下登陆测试一下。OK登陆成功 

验证用户是否已经登陆,这块和权限验证一起从AuthorizeAttribute继承个自定义验证类 

在项目里添加Extensions文件夹,添加一个类UserAuthorizeAttribute 继承自AuthorizeAttribute,重写AuthorizeCore方法用来实现用户是否已经登陆的验证,权限验证在写权限功能时在补充 

using Ninesky.Repository;
namespace System.Web.Mvc
{
 /// <summary>
 /// 用户权限验证
 /// </summary>
 public class UserAuthorizeAttribute :AuthorizeAttribute
 {
 /// <summary>
 /// 核心【验证用户是否登陆】
 /// </summary>
 /// <param name="httpContext"></param>
 /// <returns></returns>
 protected override bool AuthorizeCore(HttpContextBase httpContext)
 {
  //检查Cookies["User"]是否存在
  if (httpContext.Request.Cookies["User"] == null) return false;
  //验证用户名密码是否正确
  HttpCookie _cookie = httpContext.Request.Cookies["User"];
  string _userName = _cookie["UserName"];
  string _password = _cookie["Password"];
  httpContext.Response.Write("用户名:"+_userName);
  if (_userName == "" || _password == "") return false;
  UserRepository _userRsy = new UserRepository();
  if (_userRsy.Authentication(_userName, _password) == 0) return true;
  else return false;
 }
 }
}

以后只要在需要登陆后才能操作的Action或Controller上加[UserAuthorize]就可实现验证是否已经登录了。
退出功能,在UserController添加Logout Action 

/// <summary>
 /// 退出系统
 /// </summary>
 /// <returns></returns>
 public ActionResult Logout()
 {
  if (Request.Cookies["User"] != null)
  {
  HttpCookie _cookie = Request.Cookies["User"];
  _cookie.Expires = DateTime.Now.AddHours(-1);
  Response.Cookies.Add(_cookie);
  }
  Notice _n = new Notice { Title = "成功退出", Details = "您已经成功退出!", DwellTime = 5, NavigationName="网站首页", NavigationUrl = Url.Action("Index", "Home") };
  return RedirectToAction("Notice", "Prompt", _n);
 }

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持澳门金沙网上娱乐。

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