Symfony2创建基于域名的路由相关示例

 更新时间:2016年11月14日 10:39:31   作者:陈达辉   我要评论

这篇文章主要介绍了Symfony2创建基于域名的路由,结合实例形式分析了Symfony2路由的创建技巧,需要的朋友可以参考下

本文实例讲述了Symfony2创建基于域名的路由实现方法。分享给大家供大家参考,具体如下:

你可以匹配将要来到的请求以HTTP域名的方式

YAML方式

mobile_homepage:
 path:  /
 host:  m.example.com
 defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage }
homepage:
 path:  /
 defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage }

XML方式

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<routes xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/routing"
 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/routing
  http://symfony.com/schema/routing/routing-1.0.xsd">
 <route id="mobile_homepage" path="/" host="m.example.com">
  <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage</default>
 </route>
 <route id="homepage" path="/">
  <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage</default>
 </route>
</routes>

PHP方式

use Symfony\Component\Routing\RouteCollection;
use Symfony\Component\Routing\Route;
$collection = new RouteCollection();
$collection->add('mobile_homepage', new Route('/', array(
 '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage',
), array(), array(), 'm.example.com'));
$collection->add('homepage', new Route('/', array(
 '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage',
)));
return $collection;

两个路由匹配相同的路径  / ,然而第一个将只有域名为m.example.com才匹配

使用占位符

这个域名选项使用占位符的路径匹配系统。这样就意味着你可以在你的域名中使用占位符匹配的域名。

YAML

projects_homepage:
 path:  /
 host:  "{project_name}.example.com"
 defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage }
homepage:
 path:  /
 defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage }

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<routes xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/routing"
 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/routing
  http://symfony.com/schema/routing/routing-1.0.xsd">
 <route id="projects_homepage" path="/" host="{project_name}.example.com">
  <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage</default>
 </route>
 <route id="homepage" path="/">
  <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage</default>
 </route>
</routes>

PHP

use Symfony\Component\Routing\RouteCollection;
use Symfony\Component\Routing\Route;
$collection = new RouteCollection();
$collection->add('project_homepage', new Route('/', array(
 '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage',
), array(), array(), '{project_name}.example.com'));
$collection->add('homepage', new Route('/', array(
 '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage',
)));
return $collection;

你还可以为这些占位符设置条件和默认的选项。列如,如果你想匹配  m.example.com 和mobile.example.com你可以按照如下方式

YAML

mobile_homepage:
 path:  /
 host:""
 defaults:
  _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage
  subdomain: m
 requirements:
  subdomain: m|mobile
homepage:
 path:  /
 defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage }

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<routes xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/routing"
 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/routing
  http://symfony.com/schema/routing/routing-1.0.xsd">
 <route id="mobile_homepage" path="/" host="">
  <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage</default>
  <default key="">m</default>
  <requirement key="">m|mobile</requirement>
 </route>
 <route id="homepage" path="/">
  <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage</default>
 </route>
</routes>

PHP

use Symfony\Component\Routing\RouteCollection;
use Symfony\Component\Routing\Route;
$collection = new RouteCollection();
$collection->add('mobile_homepage', new Route('/', array(
 '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage',
 'subdomain' => 'm',
), array(
 'subdomain' => 'm|mobile',
), array(), '{subdomain}.example.com'));
$collection->add('homepage', new Route('/', array(
 '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage',
)));
return $collection;

你还可以使用服务参数,如果你不想将域名写死写法如下

YAML

mobile_homepage:
 path:  /
 host:""
 defaults:
  _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage
  domain:''
 requirements:
  domain:''
homepage:
 path: /
 defaults: { _controller: AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage }

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<routes xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/routing"
 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/routing http://symfony.com/schema/routing/routing-1.0.xsd">
 <route id="mobile_homepage" path="/" host="">
  <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage</default>
  <default key="">%domain%</default>
  <requirement key="">%domain%</requirement>
 </route>
 <route id="homepage" path="/">
  <default key="_controller">AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage</default>
 </route>
</routes>

PHP

use Symfony\Component\Routing\RouteCollection;
use Symfony\Component\Routing\Route;
$collection = new RouteCollection();
$collection->add('mobile_homepage', new Route('/', array(
 '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:mobileHomepage',
 'domain' => '%domain%',
), array(
 'domain' => '%domain%',
), array(), 'm.{domain}'));
$collection->add('homepage', new Route('/', array(
 '_controller' => 'AcmeDemoBundle:Main:homepage',
)));
return $collection;

提示

确保你总是包含了默认的选项 domain占位符,否则你需要包含 domain的值每当你使用该路由生成URL的时候。

使用包含进来的路由规则匹配

你可以设置域名选项通过导入路由配置文件,方式如下

YAML

acme_hello:
 resource: '@AcmeHelloBundle/Resources/config/routing.yml'
 host:  "hello.example.com"

XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
<routes xmlns="http://symfony.com/schema/routing"
 xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
 xsi:schemaLocation="http://symfony.com/schema/routing http://symfony.com/schema/routing/routing-1.0.xsd">
 <import resource="@AcmeHelloBundle/Resources/config/routing.xml" host="hello.example.com" />
</routes>

PHP

use Symfony\Component\Routing\RouteCollection;
$collection = new RouteCollection();
$collection->addCollection($loader->import("@AcmeHelloBundle/Resources/config/routing.php"), '', array(), array(), array(), 'hello.example.com');
return $collection;

域名 hello.example.com  将要被设置为加载进来的新路由配置文件中的每个路由

测试你的Controllers

你需要设置HTTP的域名头文件在你请求的对象中,如果你想正确的匹配到网址在你的测试函数中

$crawler = $client->request(
 'GET',
 '/homepage',
 array(),
 array(),
 array('HTTP_HOST' => 'm.' . $client->getContainer()->getParameter('domain'))
);

更多关于Symfony2相关内容感兴趣的读者可查看本站专题:《Symfony框架入门教程》、《codeigniter入门教程》、《CI(CodeIgniter)框架进阶教程》、《php优秀开发框架总结》、《ThinkPHP入门教程》、《ThinkPHP常用方法总结》、《Zend FrameWork框架入门教程》、《php面向对象程序设计入门教程》、《php+mysql金沙国际官网操作入门教程》及《php常见金沙国际官网操作技巧汇总

希望本文所述对大家基于Symfony2框架的PHP程序设计有所帮助。

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